You must provide your blood samples to conduct the test. Also, remember to fast( no eating and drinking) for 8 to 12 hours before conducting the test. Most doctors recommend fasting due to 2 major reasons.
The first is to minimize variations and get an accurate measurement. Consuming food can affect your cholesterol level.
The second one is to get a better LDL cholesterol calculation which is derived from an equation that can dramatically produce false results after eating.
Lipid Profile Tests: What Are They?
A lipid profile test also called the lipid panel is a blood test conducted to measure the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. This test can identify genetic diseases and calculate approximate risks for cardiovascular diseases.
Is It Necessary To Take A Lipid Profile Test?
Knowing your cholesterol levels is important because they help you to know the risk factors for getting heart disease. Cholesterol is fat present in your body that helps you to perform your daily tasks. An increased level of cholesterol in your blood is very harmful to you.
Later it can spread into your artery walls and damage your heart. A person can live for many years without noticing high cholesterol. So doctors recommend getting a lipid profile test on a regular basis.
If your cholesterol levels are high its a bad news and you are at a higher risk of developing heart-related diseases. Identifying high cholesterol levels at an early stage will help to maintain them at a normal level.
5 Tests In A Lipid Panel Test
A lipid profile test measures 5 different lipids from your blood sample. They are given below:
- Total Cholesterol: total cholesterol is the overall cholesterol level in your body. It is a combined result of LDL-C, VLDL-C, and HDL-C.
- LDL(low-density lipoprotein)Cholesterol: This type of cholesterol is the bad or unwanted cholesterol in your body. This cholesterol is the major reason for developing cardiovascular diseases in humans. If your LDL-C is high you are at a greater risk of cardiac arrest.
- VLDL-C ( very low-density lipoprotein) Cholesterol: This type of cholesterol is usually at very lower levels. An increased rate of VLDL-C might be an early sign of abnormal lipid metabolism.
- HDL (high-density lipoprotein) Cholesterol: this type of cholesterol is the best cholesterol. it helps you to reduce the rate of LDL-C in your blood vessels.
- Triglycerides: This cholesterol rate depends upon the foods we consume. If you are following a balanced healthy diet there is no need to worry. But if the levels are high it increases the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and leads to pancreas inflammation.
What Is A Normal Lipid Panel Result?
Normal lipid profile results are as given below
- Total cholesterol: Below 200mg/dL
- HDL-C: Above 60mg/dL
- LDL-C: below 100 mg/dl(For people having diabetes:Below70 mg/dL)
- Triglycerides: Below 150mg/dL
If your cholesterol levels are higher or lower than the target range it will be classified as borderline, intermediate, or at a high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.
What To Do If My Test Results Are Abnormal?
It might be a little bit of a sad moment for you after realizing that you have abnormal test results. First of all, don’t blame yourself. High cholesterol levels are a common health condition.
Don’t overthink it, accept it and take necessary actions as soon as possible. Make lifestyle changes to maintain a balanced cholesterol level. Here are some tips to reduce high cholesterol levels:
- Add exercises to your daily routine
- Avoid alcohol and tobacco products
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Learn how diet impacts your cholesterol and bring changes into your daily diet
- Take medications if prescribed
- Manage high blood sugar and high blood pressure
- Come up with new techniques to reduce stress and tension
- Last but not least have faith in yourself