Is Cholesterol A Protein? Types And Levels!
Cholesterol is an essential nutrient structured like a fatty substance in our body’s cells. Cholesterol travels through the blood in the form of protein and lipids. Therefore, cholesterol is a fat-like molecule of part protein and part lipid. This is the reason for cholesterol known as lipoproteins.
Cholesterols And Lipids: What Are They?
Sometimes we use the words ‘cholesterol’ and ‘lipids’ interchangeably. Because lipids are also similar to cholesterol-like fatty substances and generally we assume that both of these are the same thing.
Like cholesterol, lipids are found in the cells of our body. There are different types of lipids such as fats, oils, waxes, etc. cholesterol is the well-known lipid among them.
The body needs a small number of lipids to keep the body healthy. It has several functions such as producing certain hormones and vitamin D, producing certain enzymes which help the digestive system, and lipids that are useful for producing substances needed for the functioning of cells.
The body has been producing the needed amount of cholesterol. Cholesterol is also found in animal products including red meat, fish, egg yolks, and high-fat dairy products. Cholesterol is a key element in the growth of animals. Cholesterol does the same function in the animals’ bodies.
Just like lipids, protein is also an essential part of cholesterol. Several studies proved that high cholesterol can be reduced by heart-healthy proteins. Proteins are found in every body part such as bone, hair, muscle, etc. proteins are essential for a healthy body. It serves each cell in the body and is considered to be the main energy source. Protein in cholesterol helps to lower bad cholesterol in the body.
Types of cholesterol
Cholesterol is classified into two types. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. LDL cholesterol is the bad cholesterol that creates blocking in the artery walls and it gradually leads to coronary heart disease and other health problems.
HDL cholesterol is the good cholesterol that helps to absorb cholesterol from the blood and carries back it to the liver. As we all know, the liver is producing most of the cholesterol in the body. When the total cholesterol increases above an adequate level, it affects the whole body.
In addition, there is another type of cholesterol known as triglycerides. Just like LDL and HDL cholesterol, it is also a type of lipid found in the cells of our body. The most common type of fat can be seen in our body in the form of triglycerides.
It is almost similar to low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. High level of triglycerides is harmful to the body. Our body produces triglycerides and which also get from food consumption. Most of the triglycerides are produced fat from the food that we consume. Cholesterol and triglycerides ate fatty substances. Unlike triglycerides, cholesterol is not fat.
Measuring cholesterol levels
A simple blood draw can give cholesterol levels in the body. The only thing we keep to remember is that do not to eat or drink except water before the test from 9 to 12 hours. The blood test should be taken on an empty stomach.
Cholesterol is measured in milligrams per deciliter. The results show a separate amount of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides. The total cholesterol is calculated as the total amount of HDL, LDL, and the number of triglycerides.
How often we should get a cholesterol test is totally depending on our age, sex, family history, etc. if a person’s ancestors had diagnosed with cholesterol, he or she should check cholesterol at least once a year. Physicians recommend that the first test for cholesterol should be taken between ages 9 to 11.
Today, children have been consuming more processed foods than other age groups. They may have more chances of having fat in their body. So, doctors suggest that it’s better to take a test every 5 years. It is also the same for adults. The healthy level of cholesterol for children under the age of 19 is considered less than 170mg/dL.
The healthy level of cholesterol in men who are 20 and above 20 years old is considered 125 to 200mg/dL. When it comes to women, the average level is measuring between 125 to 200 mg/dL.
Role of protein in cholesterol
Protein plays a vital role in the processing of cholesterol. That’s why cholesterol is known by another name’lipoproteins’. The proteins travel through the blood and circulate all over the body.
The protein contains in the cholesterol helps to serve the needed protein to the different parts of the body like cells, muscles, etc. The lack of protein content in cholesterol may have caused several risk factors.
cholesterol contains an adequate amount of protein. Protein helps to increase high-density lipoprotein levels in the blood. Cholesterol plays a significant role in maintaining a healthy body. Cholesterol needs essential lipids and proteins for the smooth functioning of the whole body.
In case, a person with low-level protein cholesterol can cause several health issues such as cardiovascular disease.in such conditions, doctors or dietitians would suggest including high protein-based food items in the diet. It helps to increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the blood.
Having a high-level HDL cholesterol protect us from cardiovascular disease like stroke and heart attack. Protein intake helps to reduce overweight and obesity problems. Losing weight can reduce the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level and obesity is also a major cause of cholesterol.
A healthy diet that includes high protein can reduce these problems. An article which is published in 2021 states that lipids in cholesterol and triglycerides are not soluble in water. So the part lipid in the cholesterol is harmful to the body, at the same time, the body requires more protein to serve the body properly.
Dietary proteins are highly beneficial for reducing the whole fat in the body. Most of the fat in the body is found in the form of triglycerides. Proteins can reduce unwanted fat like low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides.
Conclusion On Is Cholesterol A Protein?
A person who is having high cholesterol should follow a heart-healthy diet that includes high-protein-based food. Food that contains soluble fiber and is rich in protein can reduce the absorption of cholesterol into your blood. Foods such as oats, nuts, fish,omega-3 fatty acids, olive oil, plant sterols, and stanols are rich in protein.
The main source of proteins raises high-density lipoprotein cholesterol at a high level and also reduces low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In short, cholesterol is a significant element that helps in a healthy life.
We can not survive without a minimum amount of cholesterol. Lipids and proteins are the components, especially the protein that travels through the blood and serves the body for different purposes. So, indeed we can say cholesterol is part protein.